Readability analysis info

For the SMOG formula, the analysis should include the total polysyllabic word count and approximate grade level. The material to use the SMOG plan is included at the bottom.

 

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The SMOG Readability Formula

Step 1: Take the entire text to be assessed.

Step 2: Count 10 sentences in a row near the beginning, 10 in the middle, and 10 in the end for a total of 30 sentences.

Step 3: Count every word with three or more syllables in each group of sentences, even if the same word appears more than once.

Step 4: Calculate the square root of the number arrived at in Step 3 and round it off to nearest 10.

Step 4: Add 3 to the figure arrived at in Step 4 to know the SMOG Grade, i.e., the reading grade that a person must have reached if he is to understand fully the text assessed.

SMOG grade = 3 + Square Root of Polysyllable Count

The SMOG Formula is considered appropriate for secondary age (4th grade to college level) readers.

The premises of McLaughlin’s SMOG Formula are:

1. A sentence is defined as a string of words punctuated with a period, an exclamation mark, or a question mark.

2. Consider long sentences with a semi-colon as two sentences.

3. Words with hyphen are considered as a single word.

4. Proper nouns, if polysyllabic should be counted.

5. Numbers that are written should be counted. If written in numeric form, they should be pronounced to determine if they are polysyllabic.

6. Abbreviations should be read as though unabbreviated to determine if they are polysyllabic. However, abbreviations should be avoided unless commonly known.

7. If the text being graded is shorter than 30 sentences, follow the steps below:

i. Count all the polysyllabic words in the text

ii. Count the number of sentences in the text.

iii. Divide the figures obtained in i. by the figure obtained in ii. to arrive at Average Polysyllabic Words per sentence.

iv. Multiply the figure obtained in iii. with the average number of sentences short of 30.

v. Add the figure obtained in iv. to the total number of polysyllabic words.

vi. Compare the number of polysyllabic words in the SMOG Conversion Table.

SMOG Conversion Table
Total Polysyllabic Word Count Approximate Grade Level (+1.5 Grades)
1 – 6 5
7 – 12 6
13 – 20 7
21 – 30 8
31 – 42 9
43 – 56 10
57 – 72 11
73 – 90 12
91 – 110 13
111 – 132 14
133 – 156 15
157 – 182 16
183 – 210 17
211 – 240 18

McLaughlin validated his formula against the McCall-Crabbs passages. He used a 100% correct-score criterion, whereas most formulas test for around 50%-75% comprehension. His formula generally predicts scores at least two grades higher than the Dale-Chall formula.

 

 

Keeping Your Newborn Safe and Healthy
This sheet gives you information about the first days and weeks of your baby’s life. If you have questions, ask your doctor.
Safety
Preventing burns
· Set your home water heater at 120°F (49°C) or lower.
· Do not hold your baby while cooking or carrying a hot liquid.
Preventing falls
· Do not leave your baby unattended on a high surface. This includes a changing table, bed, sofa, or chair.
· Do not leave your baby unbelted in an infant carrier.
Preventing choking and suffocation
· Keep small objects away from your baby.
· Do not give your baby solid foods.
· Place your baby on his or her back when sleeping.
· Do not place your baby on top of a soft surface such as a comforter or soft pillow.
· Do not let your baby sleep in bed with you or with other children.
· Make sure the baby crib has a firm mattress that fits tightly into the frame with no gaps. Avoid placing pillows, large stuffed animals, or other items in your baby’s crib or bassinet.
· To learn what to do if your child starts choking, take a certified first aid training course.
Home safety
· Post emergency phone numbers in a place where you and other caregivers can see them.
· Make sure furniture meets safety rules:
○ Crib slats should not be more than 2⅜ inches (6 cm) apart.
○ Do not use an older or antique crib.
○ Changing tables should have a safety strap and a 2-inch (5 cm) guardrail on all sides.
· Have smoke and carbon monoxide detectors in your home. Change the batteries regularly.
· Keep a fire extinguisher in your home.
· Keep the following things locked up or out of reach:
○ Chemicals.
○ Cleaning products.
○ Medicines.
○ Vitamins.
○ Matches.
○ Lighters.
○ Things with sharp edges or points (sharps).
· Store guns unloaded and in a locked, secure place. Store bullets in a separate locked, secure place. Use gun safety devices.
· Prepare your walls, windows, furniture, and floors:
○ Remove or seal lead paint on any surfaces.
○ Remove peeling paint from walls and chewable surfaces.
○ Cover electrical outlets with safety plugs or outlet covers.
○ Cut long window blind cords or use safety tassels and inner cord stops.
○ Lock all windows and screens.
○ Pad sharp furniture edges.
○ Keep televisions on low, sturdy furniture. Mount flat screen TVs on the wall.
○ Put nonslip pads under rugs.
· Use safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs.
· Keep an eye on any pets around your baby.
· Remove harmful (toxic) plants from your home and yard.
· Fence in all pools and small ponds on your property. Consider using a wave alarm.
· Use only purified bottled or purified water to mix infant formula. Purified means that it has been cleaned of germs. Ask about the safety of your drinking water.
General instructions
Preventing secondhand smoke exposure
· Protect your baby from smoke that comes from burning tobacco (secondhand smoke):
○ Ask smokers to change clothes and wash their hands and face before handling your baby.
○ Do not allow smoking in your home or car, whether your baby is there or not.
Preventing illness

· Wash your hands often with soap and water. It is important to wash your hands:
○ Before touching your newborn.
○ Before and after diaper changes.
○ Before breastfeeding or pumping breast milk.
· If you cannot wash your hands, use hand sanitizer.
· Ask people to wash their hands before touching your baby.
· Keep your baby away from people who have a cough, fever, or other signs of illness.
· If you get sick, wear a mask when you hold your baby. This helps keep your baby from getting sick.
Preventing shaken baby syndrome
· Shaken baby syndrome refers to injuries caused by shaking a child. To prevent this from happening:
○ Never shake your newborn, whether in play, out of frustration, or to wake him or her.
○ If you get frustrated or overwhelmed when caring for your baby, ask family members or your doctor for help.
○ Do not toss your baby into the air.
○ Do not hit your baby.
○ Do not play with your baby roughly.
○ Support your newborn’s head and neck when handling him or her. Remind others to do the same.
Contact a doctor if:
· The soft spots on your baby’s head (fontanels) are sunken or bulging.
· Your baby is more fussy than usual.
· There is a change in your baby’s cry. For example, your baby’s cry gets high-pitched or shrill.
· Your baby is crying all the time.
· There is drainage coming from your baby’s eyes, ears, or nose.
· There are white patches in your baby’s mouth that you cannot wipe away.
· Your baby starts breathing faster, slower, or more noisily.
When to get help
· Your baby has a temperature of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher.
· Your baby turns pale or blue.
· Your baby seems to be choking and cannot breathe, cannot make noises, or begins to turn blue.
Summary
· Make changes to your home to keep your baby safe.
· Wash your hands often, and ask others to wash their hands too, before touching your baby in order to keep him or her from getting sick.
· To prevent shaken baby syndrome, be careful when handling your baby.
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
Document Released: 01/20/2012 Document Revised: 10/01/2019 Document Reviewed: 03/21/2018
Elsevier Patient Education © 2020 Elsevier Inc.

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