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For this discussion I am going to focus on how the Israeli Homeland Security structure aligns with that of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The United States and Israel have a strong alliance and partnership. According to Larsen and Pravecek (2006) both countries underwent significant organizational changes due to significant attacks against their respective countries. For Israel it was the SCUD missile attacks form the 1991 Gulf War and for the United States it was a combination of the 1993 World Trade Center attacks, the Khobar Towers attack of 1996, the U.S. Embassies in East Africa being attacked in 1998, the U.S.S. Cole attack in 200 and finally and probably the most significant reason for the U.S. restructuring, the September 11, 2001 attacks. For the United States, the Department of Homeland Security was formed to be the lead organization to protect the homeland from terrorist attacks and natural disasters with organizations such as the Secret Service, the Coast Guard, United States Customs and Border patrol, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, Federal Emergency management Agency, United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement and the Transportation Security Administration falling under the DHS umbrella. Also the United States Northern Command (U.S> Military) has a role in homeland security. All of those organizations work together to focus on intelligence and warning, border and transportation security and critical infrastructure protection in order to be preemptive to stop any terrorist attacks on the homeland.

For Israel, the homeland security efforts are taken on by the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) and the Home Front Command (HFC). With Israel’s precarious location in the Middle East with countries that have a very hostile stance against Israel all around them, they focus a great deal on border and transportation security. To do this they rely on the IDF, HFC as well as international cooperation with allies such as the United States. They also deal with domestic crime and terrorism as well as natural disasters (Larsen and Pravecek, 2006).

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