Should the Calgary police service be required to wear body cams

There are TWO parts to this exam: a policy essay, and a rhetorical analysis of an essay.

 

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Exams may be submitted anytime between December 14 @ 9:00 am and December 16 @ 11:59 pm. Once you start the exam, you have three hours to complete it. Exams submitted after December 16 will not be accepted. All submissions are final. Unlike the mid-term exam, this exam does not require you to copy and paste your answers into boxes. Please submit/attach your exam as one Word document or PDF just as you did for the Personal Essay. Click on “Final Exam” to do so.

 

Part 1: Policy Essay (50 Marks)

 

Instructions: Write a policy essay of approximately 750 words on one of the 20 topics listed below.  You may want to modify your claim to make it as clear and precise as possible.  If you have already written an essay on any of the following topics for this class, you must choose a different topic or that portion of your exam will not be accepted. The best essays will be engaging, clearly-expressed, and persuasive.

 

Research Expectations

The expectation is that you will research the topic you choose to write about and that you will incorporate that research – i.e. facts, statistics, expert opinions – into your essay.

 

Documentation Expectations

While all direct (word-for-word) quotations should be surrounded with quotation marks, you are not required to provide in-text parenthetical citations, nor are you required to include a Works Cited list.

 

To illustrate, here’s a sample sentence from a previous final exam on the topic of blood donation practices in Canada:

 

According to Canadian Blood Services, “Half of all Canadians will either need blood or know someone who will need blood at some point in their lives. Yet only four percent of Canadians donate.”

 

  • Note that the writer includes research and attributes that information to an authority.
  • Note that because it is a direct quotation, it is in quotation marks.
  • Note that because this is an exam and not a take home assignment, there is no in-text parenthetical citation after the quotation and that no Works Cited list appears at the end of the essay.

 

The essay should take the same form as the take home policy essay.

 

Introduction

Engage                               Aim to put a ‘face’ on the issue your claim addresses.

Inform                                                Indicate the context, scope and gravity of the issue.

Frame                                 Define key terms and current policy if necessary.

Claim                                   Express a clear, concise policy claim in the last sentence.

 

Body Paragraphs

Acknowledge                 Acknowledge an opposing view expressed by an authority.

Concede                            Concede the merit (s) of that view.

Persuade                          Provide a counter argument expressed by an authority.

Elaborate                         Provide additional support for that counter argument.

 

Conclusion

Motivate                           Indicate what is at stake in taking or not taking action on this issue.

Express a clear call to action. Motivate and enable readers to act on that call to action.

 

Policy Essay Topic Choices

 

  1. The UCP’s decision to delist provincial parks should/should not be applauded.
  2. Elementary school teachers should/should not teach cursive writing.
  3. Alberta high schools should/should not be required to teach Shakespeare.
  4. The Calgary Police Service should/should not wear body cameras.
  5. MRU should/should not adopt a pass/fail grading policy for the Fall 2020 term.
  6. MRU should/should not ban exam-proctoring software.
  7. Canadian gig-economy workers should/should not become employees.
  8. Canada should/should not welcome a cashless society.
  9. Albertans should/should not welcome self-driving cars.
  10. Alberta should/should not try to achieve herd immunity in its response to COVID.
  11. Regular users of Facebook should/should not feel a moral obligation to leave Facebook.
  12. The City of Calgary should/should not ban drive-thru’s.
  13. The Oscars’ new diversity rules should/should not be applauded.
  14. Catholic schools in Alberta should/should not be publicly funded.
  15. Alberta should/should not ban grizzly bear hunting.
  16. Alberta naturopaths should/should not be allowed to treat children.
  17. Parents of young children should/should not purchase a Google Home or Amazon Alexa.
  18. The Canadian government should/should not fund local media.
  19. MRU should/should not require students to take GNED courses.
  20. Albertans should/should not support Wexit.

 

 

Part 2: Rhetorical Analysis (50 Marks)

 

Instructions: Respond to each of the following questions about “The Hunger Game” (below) in complete sentences.  Point-form answers will not be accepted. The length and complexity of your answer to each question should reflect the degree to which the rhetorical strategy being addressed is relevant to the text you are analyzing. The best answers will be well-organized, clearly-expressed, concise, and supported with specific evidence from the essay. These are the same questions that were on the mid-term (minus the question about how effectively the writer uses rhetorical strategies). Please see pages 35-36 of the course pack for a guide to answering these questions.

 

  1. What is the writer’s thesis, who is his intended audience and what is his call-to-action? (15)
  2. Where does he appeal to ethos, logos and pathos? (25)
  3. What needs and values does he appeal to? (10)

The Hunger Game by Nick Saul

 

This essay was originally published in the March 12, 2013 edition of Walrus magazine. Saul co-authored the book The Stop: How the Fight for Good Food Transformed a Community and Inspired a Movement (2013). He also served as Executive Director of The Stop Community Food Centre in Toronto from 1998 to 2012 and is currently CEO of Community Food Centres Canada.

  1. Picture a vast warehouse the size of a football field. Forklifts stand loaded with wooden pallets and cardboard boxes tightly secured with heavy-duty plastic wrap. In aisle upon aisle, boxes sit on metal shelves that reach all the way to the ceiling. It might be an IKEA store or any modern commodity warehouse. But this is a food bank or, more accurately, a food bank distribution warehouse. Every major Canadian city has one. The largest send out nearly 8 million kilograms of food a year to the hungry people lining up at community-based food banks.

 

  1. The scale and sophistication of these operations are impressive. There are hundreds of employees and volunteers who handle thousands of donated food items, trucks and boxes, cans and bags. There is also a large fridge and freezer section for storing all manner of perishables.

 

  1. Yet each time I visit such warehouses, I find myself alternating between hope and despair. Hope born of the understanding that all of this is motivated by the human urge to help others with that most basic of needs: food. Despair because this effort, and that of food banks all over Canada, has not solved the problem of hunger. On the contrary, I believe food banking makes it worse.

 

  1. Most Canadians assume that food banks have always been with us, but they only began to pop up across the country in the ’80s, in response to the economic downturn. They were meant to be temporary. Among the first was the Stop Community Food Centre in Toronto. By the time I took over as its executive director in the late ’90s, the Stop was already a tiny, broken-down place handing out donated cans and boxes of cheap, highly processed food to broken-down people. Even then, we knew we were doing little to stem the tide of hunger and poverty among the most vulnerable in our Davenport West community. But it was also clear that thousands of recipients, many of them children, relied on these handouts to survive. They had nowhere else to go.

 

  1. Funded almost entirely by individual and corporate donations, food banks have become an unquestioned part of our social fabric, and our primary response to hunger. From the outside they seem to be doing a good job of it. There are walkathons and barbecues, a food drive at almost every school during the “hunger seasons” around Christmas and Easter. CBC collects hundreds of thousands of dollars and thousands of kilograms of food during its Sounds of the Season holiday broadcast. The big food corporations have established close ties with large distribution centres, donating surplus packaged goods, making financial contributions, and getting employees to pitch in on sorting days. Churches, law firms, youth groups, and many, many committed individuals generously support the cause every day with their money, food, and time.

 

  1. These people are doing such a good job that it can look as if the problem has been solved. Our elected officials feel no political heat to tackle the issue, because feeding the hungry is already checked off our collective to-do list. But even while food banks have proliferated, hunger has increased. Certainly, they can serve as a valuable support in emergencies, but too many users are forced to rely on them regularly. Nearly 900,000 Canadians (38 percent of them children) turned to food banks each month last year—a 31 percent rise overall since before the recession began in 2008. And these figures do not even take into account the hundreds of thousands who need assistance but don’t seek it, in part because of the associated stigma. Many who do use food banks routinely go hungry. Futhermore, the poor—who receive mostly cheap processed items in their hampers—are disproportionately affected by such diet-related illnesses as diabetes, obesity, and heart disease.

 

  1. Food banks, with all of their collecting and sorting and distributing and thanking, are meeting the needs of everyone except the people they were set up to help: the poor and hungry. This emergency handout approach divides us as citizens, breaking down our society into us and them, givers and takers. The former feel generous and kind, while the latter feel ashamed, their agency, their health, and their dignity diminished.

 

  1. We not only can do better, we must do better. We need to stop cheering on an approach that has already failed, and instead focus on the root of the problem: people are hungry because they are poor. They do not have enough money for food because of inadequate income supports, minimum wages that do not cover the bills, and the lack of affordable housing and child care. Instead of further entrenching food banks that let governments—and all of us—off the hook, we need to build organizations that foster the political will to tackle poverty and establish social programs, employment strategies, and supports that give all Canadians access to affordable, healthy meals. In the end, the costs of inequality and poor health are borne by all of us, straining our health care system, and compromising the safety of our neighbourhoods and the productivity of our nation.

 

  1. Food can be a powerful tool, and in the past decade we have seen a surge in school gardens, farmers’ markets, and community supported agriculture. At the Stop, we have utilized this new energy and thinking to help establish programs where low-income people are offered more than mere handouts; rather, they are given opportunities to grow, cook, eat, and learn about the healthy food we all need. Such programs build hope, skills, and self-worth among our community members, who may then become powerful advocates for change—to both the food system and the political one. This model has radically altered our neighbourhood and generated enough interest to galvanize a network of Community Food Centres across the country.

 

The towers of cans and boxes, the forklifts, and the volunteers in this warehouse and others demonstrate the compassion we feel for one another, and the desire among Canadians to tackle hunger. But it is time to have a frank conversation about the limitations of this approach and start harnessing that caring and the engagement with food issues into a new political force. We need to ask ourselves and our elected representatives how we can make real, lasting change, and ensure that everyon

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