test there and do the two parts. do not show any things about religion or Jesus. do both essay as well as the M.C and T and F. see the lectures for more info.

test there and do the two parts. do not show any things about religion or Jesus. do both essay as well as the M.C and T and F. see the lectures for more info.

Presumably, however, to say that happiness is the chief good seems a platitude, and 1 a clearer account of what it is is

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still desired. This might perhaps be given, if we could first ascertain the function of man. For just as for a flute-player, a

sculptor, or any artist, and, in general, for all things that have a function or activity, the good and the ‘well’ is thought to

reside in the function, so would it seem to be for man, if he has a function. Have the carpenter, then, and the tanner

certain functions or activities, and has man none? Is he naturally functionless? Or as eye, hand, foot, and in general each

of the parts evidently has a function, may one lay it down that man similarly has a function apart from all these? What

then can this be [i.e., what is the function of the human being]? · Life seems to be common even to plants, but we are

seeking what is peculiar to man. Let us exclude, therefore, the life of nutrition and growth. · Next there would be a life of

perception, but it also seems to be common even to the horse, the ox, and every animal. · There remains, then, an active

life of the element that has a rational principle2 (of this, one part has such a principle in the sense of being obedient to one,

the other in the sense of possessing one and exercising thought); and as this too can be taken in two ways, we must state

that life in the sense of activity is what we mean; for this seems to be the more proper sense of the term. · Now if the

function of man is an activity of soul in accordance with, or not without, rational principle, and if we say a so-and-so and

a good so-and-so have a function which is the same in kind, e.g. a lyre-player and a good lyre-player, and so without

qualification in all cases, eminence in respect of excellence being added to the function (for the function of a lyre-player is

to play the lyre, and that of a good lyre-player is to do so well): if this is the case, [and we state the function of man to be a

certain kind of life, and this to be an activity or actions of the soul implying a rational principle, and the function of a good

man to be the good and noble performance of these, and if any action is well performed when it is performed in

accordance with the appropriate excellence: if this is the case,] human good turns out to be activity of soul in conformity

with virtue, and if there are more than one virtue, in conformity with the best and most complete.v

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