Making sense of research step

State the research interest topic that you communicated in discussion activity 1.
Explain the importance of studying this problem area (significance) in five to six sentences. Cite references.
Review the literature to highlight the problem. Provide a brief summary of the literature review from three articles. Use Loyola’s library resources to retrieve the articles. Include three references in APA style.
Refine your research focus from a broader perspective to a specific re-searchable problem. Write the “problem statement.”
Develop “purpose statement(s). (Note: I am looking for a purpose statement based on a quantitative study here).
Write “research question” from the purpose statement. Write one research question.
What research approach/design and sampling method would you choose to answer the research question?
What will be your data collection method? What level of measurement (nominal? ordinal? interval? ratio?) your data collection tool/instrument will elicit?
What descriptive and inferential statistical methods would you potentially choose in analyzing the data for the research question, approach/design chosen? Why have you chosen this analysis strategy?
Based on your responses in questions 1-9, do you think the research question; research design, sampling measurement, and data analysis method(s) are logically connected? Explain.
Now pose a question to your group on the area(s) (question 1-9) where you need clarifications.
(Note: To answer questions 4-9, review the assigned chapter readings from your textbook and apply the reading knowledge in your answers. You may not be 100% accurate in answering the questions. However, your level of understanding about the research steps must be reflected in the answers.)


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This is the research topic from week 4

Maternal, Infant, and Child Health

The key measures of a nation’s overall health lie under maternal, infant, and child health. Maternal, infant, and child health entails the childbirth period from pre-conception, pregnancy, delivery, postnatal, and the child’s health for up to five years. Improvement of the quality of care provided to mothers and infants is mandatory for the nation’s growth.

Infant and maternal mortality rates raise concerns across the globe. In 2018, the United States recorded over 21,000 infants’ death (Infant mortality). Additionally, approximately 25,000 to 28,000 maternal deaths occur every year worldwide (Lassi, Mansoor, Salam, Das, & Bhutta, 2014). Factors such as high standards of maternal care and nourishment play a critical role in improving the rates of child survival. Inarguably, the high infant and maternal rates are inadmissible due to the medical advancements made in preventing similar cases.

Frankly, the major causes of maternal and infant deaths are preventable. The delivery, labor, and postpartum stages are critical because most maternal deaths happen in those periods. Obstetric hemorrhage is the primary medical cause of maternal death. Other causes of maternal mortality are; obstructed labor and infections. Proper care from healthcare professionals can assist in avoiding such complications.

Undoubtedly, infant and maternal mortality rates can reduce significantly as a result of suitable intervention and allocation of resources in the sector. Providing effective precautionary measures and prompt treatment can lower the alarming rates. Simple actions, for instance, right nutrition and hygiene, can prevent the complication encountered during childbirth. Proper funding to equip hospitals with enough equipment will help to improve the quality of care. Knowledge is power; thus, healthcare professionals should create public awareness about pregnancy and taking care of infants, which will help individuals to follow the right guidelines during pregnancy. Improving the health of infants and mothers is a great way to serve humanity.

What do you think has been holding the healthcare community back from taking action in preventing preventable maternal deaths?

How can hospitals tackle the maternal mortality?


Infant Mortality. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from,deaths%20per%201%2C000%20live%20births.

Lassi, Z. S., Mansoor, T., Salam, R. A., Das, J. K., & Bhutta, Z. A. (2014). Essential pre-pregnancy and pregnancy interventions for improved maternal, newborn, and child health. Reproductive health, 11(1), 1-19.

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